Although China’s international trade guiding ideology is extremely advantageous, but with the change of the world pattern, the increasingly complex foreign trade environment, making foreign trade problems more prominent, such as the over-exploitation of resources, the lack of a strong international economic competitiveness, or increasing trade friction. It is easy to see that the traditional foreign trade guiding ideology has been difficult to meet the actual development of international trade in China. Therefore, at this stage, we must actively explore the current situation of China’s foreign trade development, and targeted selection of suitable development path.
The main problems facing China’s international trade
(A) reckless development of resources
Although China is a major energy country, but because of our national conditions and the special stage of development, making China’s international trade shows the basic characteristics of labor-intensive and resource-processing. The most direct problem of this phenomenon is that natural resources are being exploited indiscriminately, and the area of forested land is decreasing so much that it cannot support the rapid development of foreign trade.
(ii) Lack of international competitiveness
In the above analysis, it is pointed out that labor-intensive products are the main component of China’s international trade structure. Although China has been paying more and more attention to science and technology in recent years, and has started to increase the proportion of high-tech products, but the dominant position is still labor-intensive products, and in the short term, the phenomenon has not changed. In addition, although China’s exports of high-tech products, however, with independent intellectual property rights are few and far between, especially in technology obviously lags behind the developed countries. Therefore, China does not have a strong competitiveness in the international market.
(III) Frequent trade frictions
As we all know, China has very rich resources, especially labor resources with intensive, cheap characteristics, which makes the export commodity prices are generally not high, but also a huge impact on the importing countries of similar markets. Because they want to protect their own similar markets, it is often anti-dumping investigations on China, and also for China to develop technical barriers to trade, environmental restrictions. And often restricted products are very competitive advantages, such as agricultural products, shoes and bags, etc., are a large number of China’s exports. Especially in recent years, the EU, Japan and other countries have more stringent restrictions.
China’s international trade development model and its path
(A) improve the relevant policies of the logistics industry
At present, China’s logistics industry related regulations and policies lack of perfection, and even some of the regulations and policies are missing, which requires the relevant departments of the state combined with the actual situation, through scientific and reasonable research to develop perfect regulations and policies, and then ensure the integrity of national logistics regulations, and unified logistics standards under the policy support, and gradually converge with international logistics industry standards, to achieve the standardization of market competition order, fully Improve the service management level of the industry and enterprises. In short, to promote the stable development of the international logistics industry, strengthening the adjustment and improvement of international logistics regulations and policies is the key.
(2) Standardize the management of export markets
International trade to achieve good development, can not be separated from the support of national policies, but also need to establish the export market intermediary organizations, and give full play to the role of organizational guidance, management and coordination, so as to regulate the management of the export market. On the one hand, China should actively learn from the experience of successful countries, the current foreign export market, not only to develop the corresponding laws and regulations, but also to establish the corresponding intermediary organizations, whose main purpose is to prevent export enterprises from low-price competition, resulting in the same room problems. Therefore, China should also fully learn from this point, and actively establish intermediary organizations to strengthen the management of the export market, and then reasonable supervision and guidance of market prices, to create a normal and fair business competition order and environment, to avoid the phenomenon of low-price competition.
(3) Encourage enterprises to innovate independently
The acquisition of technology mainly relies on innovation and introduction of these two means, but no matter what means of acquisition, the most important thing is still innovation. When new technology is introduced, enterprises should fully digest the technology and then innovate, which is also the main way for enterprises to master the core technology. From the foreign enterprise level, the purpose of its time-consuming research and development of new technologies is not to transfer to competitors; and from the perspective of foreign governments, to ensure the security of national economic policy, it will often develop corresponding laws and regulations to prevent the transfer of core technology of domestic enterprises. Therefore, to achieve further development, our government and enterprises must strengthen the innovation and mastery of core technologies, which is also the key to enhance national competitiveness. In fact, international competition is the competition of scientific and technological innovation strength. In recent years, China has been expanding the depth and breadth of international competition participation, making more countries began to limit the export of technology to China, but also highlights the weakness of China’s industrial innovation capacity and other phenomena, seriously detrimental to improving international competitiveness. Therefore, only by continuously improving the ability of independent innovation and focusing on breaking through key technologies, the international competitiveness of enterprises can be enhanced, and then win a more desirable development.
(D) Other related strategies
On the one hand, the problem of international trade imbalance should be given full attention. Although China should actively achieve diversified exports, and actively introduce high-tech and various advanced raw materials to ensure that the domestic market is satisfied at the same time, to promote the stable development of the national economy. In other words, for the development potential of the market to deepen the development, especially for countries with trade surpluses can increase exports, and combined with the actual needs of the domestic market, etc., to strengthen the introduction of new technologies, new raw materials, so as to promote the upgrading of industrial structure and enhance the international competitiveness of the country; on the other hand, the export products with competitive advantages vigorously developed. In recent years, the rapid development of the world economy has improved the level of consumption, but also changed the concept of consumption and people’s demand for goods. Therefore, China’s enterprises to be invincible in the international market, it is necessary to introduce foreign advanced science and technology, through the combination of traditional industries and high-tech means to achieve the purpose of improving the strengths and avoiding weaknesses. In addition, we should also focus on scientific and technological development, increase investment in scientific research, and actively develop new products to enhance the non-price competitiveness of export products in the international market. At the same time, we also need to enhance the awareness of standardization, in other words, our enterprises should strengthen the application of international standards, the actual situation of enterprises fully combined with ISO9000 and other management standards, in order to develop a suitable management model for enterprises, from the system to provide protection for product quality, to promote the enterprise can be invincible in the international market.
On the whole, although China’s foreign trade has been strengthened, the scale of exports is unprecedented expansion, but in essence, the gains are very small.
Therefore, it is necessary to fully understand the foreign trade situation, grasp the development opportunities, the export products with advantages to vigorously develop, and actively broaden the development space to stabilize the status of a large trading country.
But also to fully estimate the severity and complexity of the situation, the correct treatment of the shortcomings in the development of foreign trade, and constantly improve the implementation of relevant policy measures to enhance the effectiveness and relevance of the policy, so as to promote the sustainable development of international trade.