The Historical Culture of Canada(II)

However, in the late seventeenth century, France swept her European enemies and became the most powerful country on the European continent. The French government began to pay attention to its overseas colonial empire. Especially during the period from 1638 to 1715, the ambitious Louis XIV stepped up the reconstruction of the overseas empire. He sent troops to suppress the Iroquois of the Canadian Indians, appointed the new French governor, and invested heavily in the region to move into a large population. All of this has a serious conflict with the interests of the British Empire. The seven-year war between Britain and France that broke out in 1756 is also inevitable. In 1763, the United Kingdom won, “New France” then turned into the Quebec province of the British Empire, and Canada has entered the era of British rule.

The British Canadian era was an important period in Canadian history. In this historical period, a free, democratic, and independent country began to take shape. In the beginning, the British rulers pursued the assimilation of the French Canadian policy in the Quebec region, but this policy clearly does not apply to the region. Due to the influx of British immigrants, Quebec’s sunrise and sunset still have a strong French color. British rulers began to realize that it is impossible to use one of the cultures to lead other cultures in a multicultural society. Therefore, the Quebec Act of 1774 officially established the parallel status of British criminal law and French civil law in Quebec. This bill can be seen as the burgeoning of Canada’s multiculturalism policy today.

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History of Christmas Day

Christmas Day not only brings joyful atmosphere to everyone, but the Christmas Day also has its massive history and related stories. From commemorating Jesus birth, Church establishment in Rome and Santa Claus, there are many related history to know worthily. Today, hereby let me tell you about one of history of Christmas Day, establishment of Church of Rome.


At the first, Church of Rome also known as Latin Church, Holy Roman Church, Roman Church, Christian Church and Christian Catholic Church of the five earliest churches were founded, but also the largest denominations and churches, introduced to Rome in the middle of the first century AD. Before the reformation of religion, it was the only legal Church in Western Christianity, so it was also called the Western church. Its existence dominated the ideological trend throughout Europe in the Middle Ages, and it led to changes in the internal affairs and diplomacy of Europe in the Middle Ages.


Establishment of Roma Church

At the beginning of the 4th century, 6th January was a double festival commemorating the birth and baptism of Jesus in the Eastern churches of the Roman Empire, called Epiphany, in which God showed himself to the world through Jesus body.


The exception was the Church in Jerusalem, which commemorated the birth of Jesus but not the baptism of Jesus. A post historian found in the calendar used by Christians in Rome that one piece of record of calendar around 25th December, 354AD was wrote: “Christ was born in Judah, Bethlehem.” It is generally believed that Christmas on 25th December may begin in the Roman Church in 336 A.D. and spread to Antioch Minor Asia around 375 A.D. Alexandria, which arrived in Egypt in 430 AD, was the latest accepted by the Church in Jerusalem, while the Church in Armenia maintained that Epiphany on January 6 was the birth of Jesus.


25th December was originally the birthday of Mithra, the Persian sun god, a pagan festival and one of the Roman gods. It was also the winter solstice of the Roman calendar, and the sun-worshiping pagans regarded it as the hope of spring, the beginning of the resurgence of all things. For this reason, the Church of Rome chose this day as Christmas. This is one of the measures in the early days of the church to try to educate Christians in their habits and customs. Later, although most churches accepted 25th December as Christmas, they decided to designate 24th December to 6th January as Christmas Tide because the calendars used by churches were different and the dates could not be unified.

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The Statue of Zeus at Olympia

Ancient Seven Wonders are absolutely worthwhile to visit. Meanwhile the statue of Zeus at Olympia is my recommendation to everyone who like to travel. Certainly other 6 of wonders such as Lighthouse of Alexandria, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Artemis, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and Great Pyramid of Giza, The Colossus of Rhodes are also good choice when you have free time to travel.


It is said that the priests of Olympia, who appreciated Pheidias’s masterpieces very much, appointed Pheidias’s descendants to take charge of preserving the statue of Zeus and enjoying eternal glory.


Zeus is the third generation of the ancient Greek God King genealogy, he is omnipotent god, can see and understand everything and things in the world, whether on earth or on the mountain of gods, he is the source of gods, he determines the fate of gods and people. Zeus with many goddesses and women to gave birth to many descendants, including Apollo and Artemis brothers and sisters, Dionysus, Hercules and so on. Zeus did everything he could to get close to the goddess and the woman, and he was always furtive, so he always made Hera angry. In order not to be known by Hera about his paramours, he always tried to block Hera in various ways.


The statue of Zeus in Olympia was built around 457 BC. The sanctuary itself is a Doricorder building. The sanctuary is built of marble and covered with limestone. It is supported by 34 Corinthian pillars about 17 meters high and covers an area of 41.1 m * 107.75 m. The statue behind the temple is carved out by marble from Paros island. Many statues on the western side of the temple are full of Athens style.



The sanctuary of Zeus is the religious center of ancient Greece. The sanctuary is situated in the southeastern part of the Acropolis, Greece, near the Olympian Stadium in the city-state of Alice, in the middle of a vast flat area on the banks of the Elysos River, under the control of Zeus, the God of the ancient Greek gods.

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The Louvre Museum

The largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France, is also the largest in the world. So what is it? The Louvre Museum (French Musée du Louvre). Certainly, it is also the central landmark of the city. In France, there are so many famous historical relic and building, meanwhile the Louvre museum is one of the most famous ancient building not only in France, but it is also well known around the world. So let us know about Louvre museum detailedly, let us know the history at that time.


It is located on the right bank of Seine river, ranking top 1 of the world’s four museums, and other 3 of museums are separately as British Museum, New York Museum, Russian Museum. It covers an area of about 198 hectares and is divided into old and new parts. The pyramidal glass entrance in front of the palace covers an area of 24 hectares. It was designed by Chinese architect Mr. Ieoh Ming Pei. In August 10, 1793, The Le Louvre Museum Art Gallery was officially opened to the outside world and became a museum.


Le Louvre Museum has become a world-famous art palace, one of the greatest treasures of art, the palace of countless treasures as being the focus of world attention. The palace was built in 1204, at that time it was only the castle of Philip Augustus’s palace (Philip II of France). The palace is famous for its rich collection of classical paintings and sculptures, and is one of the most precious buildings in the French Renaissance. The Louvre is divided into six parts: Greek and Roman Art Museum, Egyptian Art Museum, Oriental Art Museum, Painting Museum, Carving Museum and Decorative Art Museum.


In 1204, during the Crusade (Cruciata in Latin), Philip II of France built a castle on the Seine river to defend Paris on the North bank, where he kept Royal records and treasures, as well as his dogs and prisoners of war. It was then called the Louvre. During Charles V, the Louvre was used as a palace, making it a completely different building. Over the next 350 years, as the Royal aristocracy became increasingly demanding for pleasure, they continued to build magnificent towers and fancy and delicate rooms. However, in the following 150 years, there was no king living in Le Louvre Museum.


In the middle of 16th Century, after François I ( François de Angouléme) succeeded to the throne, he demolished the palace. He ordered the architect Pierre Lesko to rebuild the palace on the basis of the original castle. During the reign of Henry IV, he spent 13 years building the Grand Gallery, the most spectacular part of the Louvre.


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